There are certain fixed risk factors like Advanced Age , Family history of osteoporosis, Previous fracture, Femals are more prone to Osteoporosis compared to men, Menopause/hysterectomy, Long term glucocorticoid therapy...
Osteoporosis means porous bones. Osteoporosis develops when the body loses bone more quickly than it can make it. As a result, bones become less dense at the core and lose thickness at the surface. This increases the bones susceptibility to fracture.
Osteoporosis generally remains asymptomatic until occurrence of bone fracture thus, is referred as a silent disease.During the progression of Osteoporosis some signs can be observedlike Bone pain or tenderness, Fractures with little or no trauma, Loss of height over time, Neck or low back pain due to fractures, Stooped posture.
There are certain fixed risk factors like Advanced Age , Family history of osteoporosis, Previous fracture, Femals are more prone to Osteoporosis compared to men, Menopause/hysterectomy, Long term glucocorticoid therapy. Some modifiable risk factors which can cause Osteoporosis like Alcohol intake , Smoking, Low body mass index, Poor nutrition, Vitamin D deficiency, Eating disorders, Insufficient exercise, Low dietary calcium intake, Frequent falls
A bone mineral density (BMD) test measures how much calcium and other types of minerals are in an area of your bone. This test helps detect osteoporosis and predict your risk for bone fractures. DXA is a low radiation X-ray capable of detecting quite small percentages of bone loss. Other method includes radiological assessments and Bone Turnover Markers (BTM).
Have Calcium Rich Food, Ensure a nutritious diet with fruits and green vegitables, Avoid under-nutrition, particularly the effects of severe weight-loss diets and eating disorders. Maintain an adequate supply of vitamin D. Participate in regular weight-bearing activity.Avoid smoking. Limit soft drink & alchohol.
Calcitonin, Estrogen, Raloxifene, Bisphosphonates like Alendronate, Zoledronic Acid, Risedronate, Ibandronate. Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) Analog - Teriparatide, RANK ligand inhibitor - Denosumab. Life Style changes required to avoid fall, stay on the treatment, follow nutrition & exercise recommendation.
Many people live healthy life with the treatment recommended by a healthcare professional. Osteoporosis that is not treated can lead to increase in fracture risk and serious bone breaks (fractures), especially in the hip and spine